What is frontend and backend?

Mobile Apps
Web Apps
< | 1 minute read | Pavel />
frontend vs backend
Do you know those two mysterious terms that are often heard in the developer world? Backend and frontend - words that may sound mysterious, but in fact, they open the doors to understanding how modern software development works. Let's delve into their essence together and discover their significance in creating today's applications.

Backend and frontend – these two terms may initially seem like complex technical terms, but they are actually fundamental pillars of every modern web or mobile application.

Frontend is the part of the application that you see and directly interact with. It includes elements such as forms, buttons, menus, and other user interfaces that facilitate navigation and interaction within the application. For example, when you fill out a registration form on a website or browse through a list of items in your favorite mobile app, you are engaging with the frontend. This visible aspect of the application is often developed using specialized technologies and frameworks like React, Angular, Vue, or Flutter, which enable efficient and interactive user interface development.

On the other hand, backend is the hidden engine of the application that runs on the server. Its task is to process data and perform operations that are not directly visible to users but are crucial for the proper functioning of the application. The backend handles user authentication (such as verifying the correctness of an email and password), data management and processing (such as storing user information or completed transactions), and communication with other systems, such as banking systems for processing payments. Typical technologies used for backend development include languages like Java, PHP, Python, Ruby, C#, or C++, which are optimized for data processing and complex logical operations.

Understanding the differences and synergy between backend and frontend is crucial for the successful development and management of any modern application. When planning a new website, mobile app, or its updates, it is important to have a solid grasp of these fundamental principles. This understanding enables effective collaboration with developers and helps achieve your goals in digital development.

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